Pain is one of the most common problems patients face in the last phase of their lives.1 Pain management aims to reduce pain, for which physicians often use morphine. The morphine should not be used to hasten the patient's death (as with euthanasia) or to put the patient to sleep (as with palliative sedation). However, in some situations pain management can have a double effect: on the one hand it can lead to an alleviation of pain (as intended), on the other hand it can hasten the patient's death.
1. H.J.J. Leenen e.a., Handboek Gezondheidsrecht, Den Haag: Boom Juridische Uitgevers 2014, p. 386.